Wig Help - Types of Wigs
There are many types of wigs and hairpieces. The best type of wig or hairpiece for you depends on your own individual needs whether you want to change your hair style temporarily or you have experienced partial or total hair loss. Each type of wig has its advantages which should be taken into consideration.
Types of Caps
Most wigs are made from wefts of hair or synthetic fiber. A weft is a ribbon or string of hair which have sewn closely together in strands. These are then either machine sewn, hand sewn or even hand tied into the cap.
Standard or Wefted Cap
The most common form of wig has a standard or wefted cap. A standard cap is constructed by machine sewing row upon row of hair wefts into the cap shape – there is not a cap per se, but the wefts form a cap like shape. The top of cap often has a closed lace top/crown. Because this type of wig is machine made, they tend to be the most affordable.
Standard wefted cap wigs often have a permatease which consist of shorter fibers (which are crimped, teased). These shorter fibers are designed to conceal the cap and can be brushed into the style to give it lift and volume. The permatease allows you to move the style around from side to side and offers versatility. Some permatease can stick out or give too much volume so be sure to understand its nature before you purchase.
A variation of the standard cap is the capless wig which is constructed similarly of wefted fiber. Instead of a lace top though, the wefted hair/fiber is continued over the top/crown. This allows for the maximum ventilation and makes the cap cooler to wear and more lightweight.
For those looking for an even more lightweight/cooler wig, there is a thin wefted cap, which is similarly constructed to the standard cap with the wefts spaced out more than the normal wig spacing. This offers less coverage with a smaller amount of fibers and can present a possible issue with your own hair showing through so it should be taken into consideration if you are covering your own hair.
Monofilament wigs refers to the nylon or polyester micro mesh into which individual strands are hand tied. This material gives the illusion of skin by revealing the wearers scalp color through the mesh. This can provide the most versatile and natural looking style as the hair can be brushed/parted in any direction. The material is also much softer than the standard cap and therefore is recommended for those who have sensitive scalps or have a total hair loss. Monofilament wigs can be made from either a wefted cap or from a completely or partially hand tied monofilament cap. Some monofilament wigs are completely hand tied on the monofilament mesh. A fully hand tied monofilament wig is the most natural looking (and most expensive) wig as they utilize the micro mesh and hand tied fibers/hairs all over.
For those who want the monofilament look without the cost, there are skin top or skin part. These wigs are usually built upon a wefted cap with a thin inset of micro mesh where the part or small portion of the top or an even smaller portion sometimes called a skin crown.
Full Lace Wigs are constructed on a fine lace base (usually French lace) with similar construction to a monofilament wig with its hand tied hairs. These are often custom made wigs with the measurements exact to your specifications.
A Lace Front wig utilizes the fine French lace wig in front with a more sturdy construction material behind (ie monofilament, stretch lace, wefted cap). Lace front wigs offer the most natural hairline in the front.
Wiglets or Partial wigs
Honeycomb or Pull Through
If you have thinning hair, then a Honeycomb or Pull Through wig may be the best choice for you. These wigs have large spaces through which you may pull your own hair. Choose a complementary shade and add both volume and highlights. In most cases these are held in place with small clips or combs.
¾ or ½ Wigs
These types of wigs have caps which cover 34/ or ½ of the head, exposing your own front hairline. They allow you to use your own hair to blend into the wig and are usually held in place with combs or clips.
A two piece comb where one end is permanently connected and the other closes with a snap clip.
Interlocking rounded combs which open and close by squeezing. Attaches hairpiece at the crown.
This piece has a drawstring which forms a pocket to tighten for a secure fit.